Discover reasons for a swollen tongue including on one side, with teeth marks, inflammation such as dehydration, anxiety, with a sore throat among other causes. You will also learn something about tongue inflammation and swelling.
What does it mean? This is an abnormal condition in which the entire tongue or a portion of it is enlarged, bloated or distended. Since helps you to talk, swallow, taste and chew, it can cause some discomfort, Sometimes the condition can be a painful condition, which can be caused by a variety of medical issues and disorders.
Why is my tongue swollen – causes
The following are some of the causes:
Potential infectious causes include:
- Herpes simplex virus infection
- Strep infection (bacterial infection)
- Yeast infection
Note: Bacterial, yeast and viral infections can lead to glossitis, which is a condition characterized by your tongue swelling and changing color.
An anaphylactic reaction is characterized by a swollen tongue (and swelling in general) combined with hives, itching, shortness of breath, and rapid breathing. The reaction is sudden, severe, and can include respiratory distress. This is a life-threatening swelling and it is advisable to seek medical attention.
This can result when you are eating very hot food or drinking very hot beverages, accidentally biting your own tongue and Tongue piercing which can end up causing an infection that would cause it to swell.
Amyloidosis, inflammatory is a metabolic disorder where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal especially on the tongue.
Some of these genetic disorders are Angioedema which causes a drastic increase in swelling of the mucosal tissue and the submucosal tissue. Acromegaly makes the body produce excessive growth hormone which results in the body tissues getting enlarged. Other disorders are the Down syndrome and Pernicious anemia.
Swollen on one side
Any sides of the tongue that are swollen as a major impact on the whole organ but in most cases it does appear at the back or sides of the tongue rarely at the middle and tip. The enlargement on the side is usually known as angioedema if it is caused by an allergic reaction to oral medication or food.
Angioedema has symptoms of swelling tongue or throat and in extreme cases respiratory distress which require immediate medical intervention. Glossitis may develop resulting in its inflammation or swelling, discoloration, pain, and smoothness caused by the erosion of surface papillae, reports Healthline.
Lastly, allergic reactions and angioedema can also cause left or right side to enlarge. Do not be surprised if the swelling is on the tip of your tongue.
Swollen with a sore throat causes
Having a sore throat and swollen tongue makes you become uncomfortable. A painful throat and tongue are typically caused by something visible and obvious, although there are other less obvious reasons you should be aware of that might require a doctor’s diagnosis.
This is a yeast infection in the mouth leading to the development of a lesion that makes the tongue to be swollen and sore making it difficult to swallow food or even talk.
These are small shallow sores that appear as small, reddish swellings such that when they burst, and the rupture sores are covered with a white or yellow membrane. In acute cases, you may experience these two conditions as well as and swollen lymph nodes.
Burning Mouth Syndrome
This is used to describe chronic or recurrent burning in the mouth that doesn’t have an obvious cause but it keeps on causing discomfort on the throat, tongue, lips, gums, the roof of the mouth, the inside of the cheeks, or widespread areas of the whole mouth.
Some prescription has some side effect on the body causing certain reactions on its organs such as tongue, throat, skin etc. Some of the other symptoms include; Tight or a sore throat, burning sensation or bad taste in mouth, and Slurred speech.
You could inhale, touch, or eat allergens that cause an allergic reaction, and symptoms vary from mild to severe. Severe allergic reaction symptoms can include; Swollen or a sore throat and tongue, mouth, or lips, Trouble breathing and sudden red and raised areas on the skin all over your body.
Swollen with teeth marks
Mostly, you can experience swollen tongue with teeth marks on its side i.e. on one or both sides. This is a sign of improper balance diet, liver inflammation, thyroid problems, body water retention, tongue scalloping.
Certain types of the foods that can nourish your spleen include kidney beans, aduki beans, yellow squash, barley, millet, oats, carrots, celery, chicken, pumpkin, fennel, fish, yams, root vegetables, algae, kale, parsnips, parsley, beetroot, lychees, alfalfa among others.
These foods help to counter problems that result due to an impaired spleen. An impaired spleen will also be accompanied by bloating and excessive gas.
Swollen tongue and thyroid
The tongue is a flawless muscle that enhances speaking, chewing and swallowing food. It has some important nerves such as taste receptors that facilitate tasting of different contents in food i.e. sweet, salty and sour.
Nevertheless, there are various health conditions like thyroid or hypothyroidism which can cause various symptomatic conditions on your tongue like swellings, pain, dryness, discoloration or bumps. Thyroid causes a condition known as scalloping.
Scalloping is a condition when your tongue becomes swollen or too big for your mouth. It becomes big resulting to teeth marks on the sides. This is a very serious condition that requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. Most of the people have thyroid hormone deficiency that leads to hypothyroidism.
The thyroid is a small gland that is found in the lower part of your neck. It is responsible for the production of thyroid hormone that helps in metabolic activities of the cells, cell differentiation, and cell development.
Can dehydration make the tongue swell?
Insufficient amount of food and water (dehydration) can facilitate swelling and crack i.e. it will result in drying out of your mouth and your tongue may even become swollen. The other symptoms accompanied by dehydration include parched and cracked lips, mouth caking with a thick material, hollow cheeks, loose dry skin, concentrated urine that burns the bladder, dry respiratory track among others.
Make sure you take adequate fluids and the food is the best way of dealing with cases due to dehydration since if it becomes acute, it can cause death.
Swelling and Inflammation
It is advisable to seek medication from a reputable doctor in case you experience tongue inflammation since it could be an underlying problem that needs treatment.
Some of the common causes are:
- Geographic tongue
- Oral thrush
- Aphthous mouth ulcers
- viral infection
Can anxiety be a cause?
Trembling, increased heartbeats and uncontrolled sweating are symptoms associated with anxiety. Is a swollen tongue is a unique symptom that you are likely to experience when frightened or having anxiety?.
Does anxiety cause your tongue to swell? This is not really true since it does not directly trigger to make it swell. It only causes a feeling that it is swollen. It causes a feeling of having an uncomfortable tongue that is increasing in size.
Anxiety is a situation that forces an individual to have a feeling that something is wrong when in a real sense, there is nothing wrong. Therefore, the only way to stop feeling like your tongue is swollen is to focus on something else. This will help to distract your feeling.