What is crusty scalp? What causes it and what are the symptoms? Who is vulnerable to this condition? What products or treatments are endorsed by medical experts to relive or get rid a crusty scalp? Go through this theory to get the most suitable answers to these questions.
What is crusty scalp?- meaning
Crust is a formed outer layer, specifically an outer layer of solid matter created when bodily exudate or secretion. Crust is usually confused with scabs since they are almost similar though scabs forms when they is skin damage and tends to heal.
A crusty scalp isn’t harmful however, it is always unsightly and a source of embarrassment. According to skinstore.com, “Scalps that crust are also typically red and itchy.” Read on to explore the causes, symptoms, and remedies.
There are numerous causes that may contribute to a crusty scalp but major causes are psoriasis and seborrheic. The two conditions are confusing and so can be very challenging to differentiate. See the explained causes below.
This is one of the major factors that is usually associated with having a crusty scalp. Psoriasis is a disease that involves T-cells attacking the normal cells hence causing inflammations thus increase in cell production. When these cells build up on the scalp, they cause scaling and crusting. Psoriasis affected scalp is usually vulnerable to other external conditions in the environment thus much care should be taken to prevent more complex complications.
Talk to your dermatologist for proper scalp psoriasis treatment.
Another factor that contributes to this problem is seborrheic dermatitis, also known as dandruff. This is a condition characterized by itching, flaking and scabbing.
Here, more oil is produced in the sebaceous glands more than it is usually. This oil thus clots on the surface of the scalp blocking pores and the hair follicles thus forming buildups. These buildups thereafter accumulate to form crusty scaly like patches. It is not contagious though. Treatment can be done through doctor’s prescription.
Eczema is also a culprit to blame for this condition. In this condition, the scalp is inflamed by blockage of pores which leaves it itchy, red and scaly. This condition can also spread to the other parts of the body including the neck, your face and the area behind your ears. The cause of this disorder is not yet known. Treatment can be done through the use of medicated shampoos or a prescribed ointment.
“Ringworm is a fungal infection involving your skin, hair shafts and scalp says,” healthline.com. It is characterized by itchy feeling and scaling and can be transmitted to other people through contact. The most vulnerable group is children. Treatment involving oral antifungals and medicated shampoos can be meaningful in treating scalp crust. If the condition is neglected, it can land you
If the condition is neglected, it can land you in more miserable and permanent conditions worse than you could imagine.
Another possible cause is shingles. It has the same causative agent like chicken pox since the virus tends to remain dormant within the body system after suffering from chicken pox. It is typified by painful lesions and buildups on the scalp that turn out yellow if not treated at its early stages. They tend to cause a severe headache. Shingles are treated using antiviral medications, ointments as well as painkillers to relieve pain and scales.
Dryness is another condition can all blame for the crustiness. The sebaceous glands in the scalp will respond by producing oil to lubricate the dry skin, unfortunately, the oil may be produced in excess leading to crustiness. A common trigger of dry scalp includes showering using hot water, over washing it, harsh hair care products, harsh weather conditions among others. This can also be a symptom of a medical condition.
Make sure you moisturize your hair and keep your scalp we hydrated. For further assistance, see your doctor.
Head lice are an embarrassing problem that can cause scalp crusting condition. “As unnerving as they are, the good news is that they don’t carry disease or cause any health concerns,” comforts healthline.com. These lice cause itching and thereby so tempting to scratch your head to ease the discomfort. In the process, blisters may form giving way to infections thus crusty and scabby scalp.
Since head lice do not last for long without anything to feed on, you should clean your scalp thoroughly to ensure their habitats are destroyed and by so doing, crusts will be bygones. Over the counter medication can be administered to counter head lice existence.
Lichen planopilaris is another disease that can cause this problem. It affects people in their middle age. The disease tempers the scalp by forming red bumps which thereafter lead to loss of hair and permanent scars resulting from continued scratching to ease itching.
It is known to fade with time on its own though it can be chronic for some long period. Corticosteroid creams or oral steroids can be the best treatment for lichen planus thus elimination of crusts in the scalp.
This is a skin disease that can contribute much towards achieving a crusty scalp. It is characterized by inflamed itchy sores that contain pus fluid in them. People living with HIV/AIDs are the most affected group since they are vulnerable to any opportunistic diseases due to low immunity. It is contagious and causes scarring after the healing process.
Control measures concerning this cause are by the use of creams, Gels, and medicated ointments. Doctor’s assistance in cases where you are a victim of HIV/AIDS is of much importance.
Other causes that can contribute to this condition include hormonal imbalance affecting the body fluid secretion. More conditions are stress and anxiety, thyroid problems, certain medication among others.
If the crusty scalp is not responding to over the counter drugs, you should stop their application and seek immediate doctor`s attention. If you wait, the symptoms may worsen and thus may be difficult to treat or to relieve.
There are various symptoms that can help you and the doctor to diagnose the underlying cause of your scalp condition. They have a different level of severity depending on the causes. Let’s see some of these symptoms.
- Scalp reddening
- Itchy feeling
- Dry patches on the scalp
- Peeling scalp
Crusting can also be a symptom is serious veiled health condition that can be life-threatening. Therefore, any symptom should be taken seriously and attended to at earlier stage.
Home remedies for crusty scalp
Numerous remedies have been laid forth to succor crusty scalp treatment. Home remedies include home products or home processes that can be used to treat a certain medical condition. Here, we discuss the most effective home solutions. Select on one remedy at a time and apply it consistently.
1. Jojoba Oil
This is one of the most effective remedies that can be used for a crusty scalp. It has anti-inflammatory qualities and works by removing any flake that may have formed. It also reduces oil buildups that form crust or scales. It also assists in increasing blood circulation rate thus a healthy scalp.
- Apply several tablespoons of pure jojoba oil directly to the scalp
- Turn your head downwards and thorough massage the oil on it to increase blood circulation
- Put on a shower cap
- Heat up the oil by blow drying the outside of the shower cap
- Leave it for about an hour
- Shampoo using a gentle shampoo that won’t trigger irritation
2. Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is another amazing remedy that can be used to curb the formation of crust on calp disorder. It has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that help rid of bacteria. It can also perform good work in destroying inflammations on the scalp. Moreover, tea tree oil can be very satisfying when it comes to relieving the itchy feeling.
- Add 10-20 drops of tea tree oil to one-half cup of baby shampoo
- Mix them well and apply the mixture
- Let it sit for a while and wash it off using plain water
- Apply a moisturizer
- Do this twice daily
3. Baking Soda
Have you tried baking soda on your crusty scalp? This is a common regimen that performs its work perfectly. It works by destroying bacteria causing infection hence relieving itchiness. It is known to exfoliate the scalp and dandruff cropping up thus prevents crusting.
- Add some baking soda to water and stir them to make a thick paste
- Apply some olive oil on it then the paste directly using your fingers
- Allow it to soak for about 15 minutes
- Wash it off using plain water
- Repeat this thrice daily for better results
4. Coconut oil
Coconut oil is another remedy that is capable of removing scales on your scalp hence it will crusty free. Coconut oil creates a barrier that helps keep skin moisturized and hence it an effective way to treat an itchy scalp clarifies 10remedies.com. Besides moisturizing and relieving itchiness, it nourishes it and removes scars.
- Clean it with plain water
- Dab a small piece of cotton wool into the coconut oil
- Apply it directly to your scalp and massage thoroughly to ensure it spreads all over
- Allow it to sit for half an hour and rinse off the residue using a perfume free shampoo
- Repeat the procedure thrice a week
5. Lemon Juice
Another useful remedy is lemon juice. It has anti-bacterial properties that keep of bacterial invasion and fungal growth thus reducing chances of contracting crusty scalp. It also has antiseptic qualities that aid in keeping it free from itching and dryness.
- Extract some juice from a fresh lemon juice
- Apply the fresh lemon juice extract directly on it
- Let it sit for about five minutes and wash it off using lukewarm water
6. Aloe Vera
Have you tried aloe vera on your crusty scalp? If not, you still have a chance to use it and enjoy its effective way of functioning. Aloe Vera has been used over time to counter skin issues and those that have used it can give an account of its excellent job. It has great power in moisturizing the scalp alongside relieving itching and scalp dryness.
- Extract some fresh Aloe Vera gel in a bowl
- Using your fingers, apply it on the scalp directly and massage directly
- Leave it for about 15 minutes and rinse it off with a mild shampoo
- Do this twice a day for a week and see the results yourself
7. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider vinegar is also another remedy that can be used in crusty scalp treatment. It works by reducing swellings that may have occurred during blockage of the pores and building up of sebum. It is also useful in relieving itching by eliminating fungus causing infections. In addition, it balances the acidity levels on the scalp ensuring optimum conditions on it is nourishment. Clean your hair with plain water and pat it dry
- Mix equal amounts of water and apple cider vinegar
- Dab some piece of cotton wool into the mixture and apply it directly on your scalp
- Leave it for a few minutes and then wash the residue off using a shampoo
- Do this twice or thrice a day for excellent results
There are other remedies that can still be used to treat the condition. Beware that the condition can be contagious and note that it is not all about cleanliness. In cases where the condition is prevalent, consult a doctor for examination and advanced treatment.
The crusty scalp is a condition that can be controlled though if not well treated can result in worse conditions. It is your responsibility to keep your hair clean and treated to avoid some conditions that may later bring in this phenomenon. In case of persistence, doctor’s advice should be sought to alleviate the disorder.