What causes your nails to start peeling? Nail peeling can occur in both the fingers of the hands or the feet toes. Nail peeling can be a painful thing. Brittle, dry, weak or soft and thinning nails makes it easy for splitting and peeling to occur.
Before we focus on the causes let us look into the nail structure and peeling. The nail consists of three features: the nail plate, the nail matrix and the nail bed that is the skin beneath the nail plate. Your nails are made up of small onychocytes cells that are very delicate.
The nail plate is the hard part composed of mainly dead cells (keratin) and thus can dry out or crack just like the skin. The nail can also absorb since it is also permeable: more than the permeability of the skin.
Causes of peeling nails
The causes we are going to look at the account for the peeling fingernails and toenails.
Do you do chores or work outside the house without adequately protecting hands? Whether you do work in the garden, lift heavy things inside the home or scrub the floors, do washing and other tasks involving a lot of handling. They will be chipped and then they will start to peel easily. What else causes nail peeling?
1. Handling chemicals
Did you stop to wonder what caused the sudden change in appearance and texture in nails? In most cases, the damage caused by some of these chemicals eventually make the nails to start cracking hence peeling. Frequent handling of harmful chemicals can cause trauma and physical damage to the hands including the palms. Examples of these chemical substances include pesticides, sprays, paints, chlorine-based cleansing agents and acids among other harmful substances.
Not all chemicals cause damage to the skin. Even though that is the case, it is safer to handle chemicals or chemical substances using protective equipment. Whether you find yourself using harsh chemicals against pests, strong paints for the house or powerful, you need to protect your fingernails from serious damage
2. Excessive water exposure
It is true if you do a lot of hand washing the skin on hand will dry out. Consequently, your fingernails are more likely to grow weaker and thinner. They could as well begin to break or tear particularly when you have longer nails. Overexposure to moist conditions or water, as in keeping hands in soapy water for too long can make too brittle and peel.
3. Secondary infections
Whether it is about viral, fungal or bacterial infections to nail, damage can occur. If the infection becomes severe, the damage can make both toenail and fingernails are deformed.
A secondary infection is more likely to occur if you have a skin condition such as psoriasis. The symptoms of psoriasis on the nails are normally mild but may flare up if there is no treatment.
Psoriatic nail disease
One of the secondary diseases includes psoriatic nail disease. It commonly affects both the fingernails and toenails. Small perforations or pits on their usually indicate this disease.
Other symptoms include, the color of the nails turning yellowish to brown, thickening with yellow or white patches on the tips. The affected one will also become raised and tender. Eventually, it will separate from the finger or toe.
According to Dr. Colin Tidy, this disease can produce severe symptoms and become difficult to treat. However, doctors use a combination of products, medications, and phototherapy and nail removal to treat psoriatic disease.
Secondly, Onychomycosis is another infection considered one of the abnormalities causing brittleness in nails. The causative agents include dermatophytes, Candida, and non-dermatophytic molds cause it.
The symptoms of Onychomycosis include
- It turns yellow, greenish or black with infection time
- In case of lack of treatment, there is the presence of white or yellow patches on the nail beds
The disease is common in children. Excessive sweating, swimming, athlete’s foot, injury on feet, living in moist environments and poor feet care are examples of the risk factors. Ageing, diabetes, poor circulation are other risk factors among the adults.
Unless the infection is severe, Onychomycosis normally causes no pain. This infection can be controlled and treated with topical antibiotics easily if examined and diagnosed early.
4. Skin conditions – plaque psoriasis
For example, in the case of psoriasis, the symptoms can be transmitted to the hands and soon you will have peeling fingernails.
Depending on your current medication, there can be side effects such as fingernails becoming brittle. Some people do not realize and may not know that they actually have brittle nails until they begin breaking or peeling.
6. Artificial or acrylic nails
Fake nails are synthetic extensions placed over your real one to enhance their appearance and making them more beautiful. If they are fixed anyhow and without care, people who use them will find peeling to be a problem. Before you decide to go for gel manicure or get acrylic nails, consider peeling as one of the risks.
A slightly rounded shape is the best shape for acrylic nails. Unfortunately, the roundness is the worst if they are brittle. Round-shaped fingernails break easily. Furthermore, it is not easy to do manual work with acrylic nails, is it?
7. Vitamin deficiency
Poor eating habits are directly linked to a deficiency in body nutrients. Dr. Waldorf notes that it is after severe vitamin deficiency that you will really start to see the effects.
Lack of fruits as part of your diet, vegetables, and food rich in proteins then our nails cannot get the nutrients they need to keep healthy. Change your diet to include more healthy proteins, amino acids and the entire range of B vitamins
8. Weather changes
Both the cold and the dry season favor peeling fingernails. During cold weather,
Nail peeling at the base or from the nail bed
If you start to notice a significant change in both appearance and texture or quality of the fingernails they will start to peel from the cuticle. Peeling at the base or the beds can cause pain and will start bleeding if you are involved in activities that involve the use of hands.
The common causes for this kind of peeling include fungal infections, skin conditions such as psoriasis can make them to begin splitting from their beds.
Dry, brittle and peeling finger and toenails
Brittleness is the quality of a substance or anything solid to break easily due to its quality to break or snap easily upon applying pressure or force. However much the hardness in our fingernails seems to be brittleness in them can make them dry out easily, get damaged and vulnerable to peeling.
Causes of brittleness include
- Nail polishing directly on to your naked nails
- Frequently applying polish which contains drying ingredients
- Vitamin deficiency especially Iron, Biotin or vitamin B-complex
- Using the wrong polish removers
- Damaged and dry cuticles and lack of adequate moisturizing after washing, cooking, etc.
Certain medications can also make them become brittle. Other than the above reasons, is also a sign of (starting to) aging.
How to fix weak or brittle peeling nails
Some people have naturally thinner nails and this may predispose them to peel. Here is a quick fix on how to help your weak and brittle ones. First, consider using nail strengtheners and replace this with polishing.
- Moisturize regularly more so after washing
- Try soaking them in warm salt water
- If they become brittle due to fungal infections then you should see your podiatrist after you have consulted a doctor
These are not the only remedies. There are many more things you can do yourself and help improve the texture and appearance. After treatment, continue to take good care of them.
Some conditions causing the nails to peel are treatable. Getting the right treatment is predetermined by causes. If you do not treat or find a cure, bleeding may result.
However, prior to treatment a proper medical examination or diagnosis may be necessary in order to establish the exact cause and find the best cure for the condition/disease causing them to peel. Take caution while using any product as a moisturizer. Some products are likely to worsen symptoms (if any is experienced).
According to beauty experts, proper care and strengthening are the basic approaches to solve the problem if no other symptoms are seen. If this does not work then you need to see a nutritionist. If you experience bleeding and pain urgently visit your doctor.
Strengthening products is another treatment. Ask a beauty expert how to achieve this. In the next section, we are going to look at some of the great remedies and natural means to deal with this menace.
Care and best home remedies
How badly damaged are your nails after peeling? Are they weak, rough, painful, looking yellowish, discolored or what do they look like? Taking extra care requires not only great attention but also patience especially the fingernails.
You may count on these simple advice and best tips for caring your fingernails and toenails. Above all, always keep in mind that not everything will work for you. In addition, for that reason, you really have to know what your problem is. Remember to include these procedures in your daily skin care for yourself and little-loved ones.
Olive oil soaking
Do you have dry and brittle fingernails due to frequent exposure to drying agents such as water? Extra virgin Olive oil could be all you need to bring life back and make look cute. Ensure that at least a day does not elapse before you do soaking. Take 15 – 20 minutes off your day and do it for yourself.
Don’t forget your gloves
Those harsh soaps and detergents you continually touch may be what is triggering dryness in your nails. No one wants them to dry out anymore. So, while cleaning and clearing the gardens always put them on giving protection to your fingernails.
Antibacterial products such as washing solution
Wash your hands using antibacterial soap or solution to control and avoid reinfection.
Creams also play an integral part as far as treatment of nail peeling is concerned. Creams soften the cuticle and this offers protection for their beds. Parents are also advised to take right measures to minimize thumb and finger sucking in children who make this habitual.
Keep aside all the stresses
These include all the factors that may lead to thinning out or weakening any physical damage. Thus, avoid scratching them with sharp tools to remove polish or as a means of making them ready for a manicure.
How to prevent them from peeling
Preventing the peeling is the best way to grow pretty nails. If you practice the correct nail care and manicure, you reduce the chances of them starting to peel. The first thing is to avoid using the fingernails as opening tools or tool opener.
i. Stop the self-manicures
Avoid applying the bad gels, acrylic (fake nails), paints especially if you have thin ones and they take too long to regrow after trimming.
ii. Trim them
Learn to trim and file your nail the edges. In addition, keeping them as shorter as possible has an added advantage.
iii. Use nail strengthener
Make sure you use the best strengthener but ensure that they are in the perfect condition. If you have no problem with polishing then do it in a one-direction polishing.
iv. Treat your vitamin deficiencies
Incorporate food or food supplements rich in Iron, Vitamin B, including the vitamin B complex and multivitamin especially for the children. As you take them (or give to your child), ensure that you regulate the amounts you consume because excessive vitamins than the body requires is dangerous.
Also, take sufficient whey or lean proteins and fatty acids from fish oil. Lastly, boost your body hydration by drinking enough water during the day
v. Fee care
Use breathing footwear to minimize chances of fungal infections.
In order to find the best treatment and remedy for your damaged or peeling nails, first, know what the problem is. You may be struggling all the treatments but maybe you only need to adjust the dietary needs to cater for a vitamin deficiency.
- N https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003247.htm