Do you experience burning inside your mouth ? What causes this issue? What can be done to get rid o fit? This problem can cause pain and a lot of discomfort. It may occur on the tongue, lips, roof of the mouth, gums, inside cheeks and back of mouth or the throat. Here, you’ll learn a lot on causes, symptoms of burning sensation in the mouth, treatments and much more.
The exact cause of burning inside mouth is quite difficult to pinpoint since there are several causes. Medical studies reveal that once this condition has been initiated, it may become persistent. Usually is tends to cool down during nighttime only to aggravate during daytime.
In addition, burning mouth syndrome is also prevalent in women than men and this usually occurs during or after menopause. Explore the most common causes of burning inside mouth.
Can a dry mouth can lead to burning sensation
This condition can arise when the amount of saliva to keep your mouth wet and well moisturized is not maintained. This will make it to feel dry and sticky and hence one will have dry mouth.
This condition is majorly triggered when salivary glands are affected by certain health conditions or when one undergoes hormonal changes or some medications.
Does this drying really result to a burning mouth problem? As Colgate.com notes, “chronic dryness can contribute to a burning sensation or soreness in your mouth,”
In cases of a dry mouth, your medical service provider will recommend keeping it wet by drinking enough amount of water daily. He/she can advise you also to use saliva substitute. Lastly, hormonal balancing medications can be applied.
Deficiency of some vital nutrients in your diet may lead to these same menace. Diet lacking nutrients such as Vitamin B, minerals like zinc and iron can cause burning tongue syndrome and this will be a nuisance to the whole mouth.
A well-balanced diet including nuts, proteins, vegetables, fruits, whole grains, seeds and good amount of dairy may be very helpful. Your doctor or nutritionist may help you or advise you to try taking nutritional supplement.
Another cause of this problem or syndrome is the oral infections. Common infections include bacterial, fungal, and viral infections. These infections can affect the tongue, lips, teeth, roof or back of the mouth. The can be mild or severe depending on the causes as wells medical response.
Some of these oral infections can be prevented by proper oral hygiene while others may need serious medical interventions. Some can stay just for a while but others can also stay much longer (the kind that won’t go away easily). Here is the seven common oral infections:
- Periodontal Disease
- Dental Caries
- Canker Sores
- Oral Herpes
Oral hypersensitivity reactions
Hypersensitivity reaction are unusual response of immune system, which occur in response to foreign substances. Such reactions involves real allergic reaction and while others are non-allergic reaction. The severity of these reactions can be mild or severe to an extent of life-threatening.
Hypersensitivity reaction can result to symptoms such as burning in the affected site i.e. tongue, gum or mouth palate. More symptoms includes redness of mucosa, swelling of the tongue, cheeks and lips. Antihistamines is the most effective treatment for such reactions.
Extreme mouth irritation
This problem can also be triggered by mouth irritation. Over-brushing tongue and gums, drinking too much irritating drinks such as hot or beverages and foods can cause it. Excessive use of mouthwash or using harsh brand can also lead to burning mouth syndrome. First phase of prevention is to make sure you consume less acidic drinks and spicy foods.
Effect of certain medication
Certain medications can have side effects leading burning in the mouth. This can happen if the medicines or drugs trigger sores, dryness and possibly leading to a burning sensation. These medications can also lead to a hormonal imbalance that may also trigger burning mouth. You should see your doctor if you develop this issue after you just started taking certain medication.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
This a common digestive problem and occurs when stomach acid or content flows back in the esophagus. This backflow cause irritation or burning sensation. It normally results in heartburn but can also lead to burning sensation (especially burning at the back of the mouth). Many people can bear with this condition. However, some people may need medications.
Psychological Factors such as anxiety
Several medical studies have unmasked the evidence of the involvement of psychological factors in the occurrence on burning sensation in the mouth. Anxiety and depression have been found to be the common psychological factors that can trigger this condition. Personality characteristics have also been linked with this condition. Serious psychological and medical approach is needed to manage this problem.
Thyroid is a one of the important endocrine gland that is charged of responsibilities such as energy regulation, production vital proteins as well as sensitivity to certain hormones that control major body functions.
Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism can lead to many health conditions including burning mouth. “Thyroid conditions can also lead to tarsal tunnel or carpal tunnel syndrome, causing tingling and burning or other discomfort in hands and feet.” Explains easyhealthoptions.com. The mouth is not excluded. The three types of thyroid disorders include:
- Autoimmune diseases
This condition can also be triggered by poorly fitted dentures. Ill-fitting dentures usually stretches certain muscles and tissues inside the mouth. Some of such dentures also contain material that can irritate your mouth and hence leading to burning sensation.
Many more conditions such as changes in saliva composition, nerve damage, tongue thrusting, hormonal changes and oral hygiene among others can lead to burning inside mouth but the key thing is to define the exact causes since this will help you to select the best treatment.
The risk of developing a burning sensation will increase if you are above 50 years if you are women and if you are postmenopausal.
Signs and symptoms
Symptoms of burning inside mouth will depend on the underlying causes. They can be mild or severe but all these depend on the causes. Common symptoms include:
- Loss of taste or taste changes
- Dry mouth and lips and extreme thirst
- Increased pain daytime and decreased pain during nighttime
- Reduced pain after eating
- Difficulty during sleep
- Difficulty during eating
- Reddening or swelling inside the mouth
- Tip of the tongue numbness or tingling
This issue can also lead to complications of which some can be life-threatening. Some of such dreadful complication include depression, anxiety, and difficulty during sleep or eating. When you suspect you cannot handle burning mouth at home or you begin to develop these complications, it is good to see a doctor.
Red burning inside mouth
This burning sensation can be evident when the affected area becomes red. Sometimes there may be extreme irritation that leads to red sores inside your mouth. Such blisters may be very painful.
It is not obvious that all burning mouth appears red. In fact, some burning sensation may also make the affected areas to appear whitish.
The common causes include allergic reactions, GERD, oral infections among others.
Finally, the severity is not determined by whether the affected area is red or white.
Burning around lips of your mouth
Burning lips problem may be due to unusual sensations in the lips due to nerve or other problems. According to Healthgrades.com, “Certain types of neuropathy (nerve problems) may result in lip burning sensation, as the cranial nerves from the brain supply the lips.” If nerve problem is the case, lip-burning may be the primary symptoms followed by lip numbness. More burning lips causes include heat, cold, chemical and sunburn.
The notion that lip burning is nothing much to worry about should be discouraged. Burning on lips can be a symptoms of severe health condition for instance, it can be a sign of stroke. Therefore, immediately you start to experience severe symptoms such as severe headache, weakness, paralysis, vision problems, confusion and even difficulty in speech, you must visit your doctor urgently for better burning lip treatment.
Treatment and remedies
Burning inside mouth treatment will depend on the causes and the seriousness of associated symptoms. The treatment may include home remedies and medical therapies. The main aim of such treatments is to relive chronic pain and deal with hormonal imbalances and infections. Commonly used treatments include:
- Antipsychotics such as chlordiazepoxide or Librium
- Anticonvulsants such as gabapentin or Neurontin,
- Benzodiazepines (clonazepam or Klonopin)
- Mucosal protectors
- topical capsaicin
- Tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline or Elavil)
However, the above medications may very effective, and they may only apply at specific case; I mean treatments are usually designed to treat a certain cause. The cost or application will depend on the medication prescribed and length of use or the severity of the resultant symptoms. More tips to prevent or Treat inside of mouth-burning include:
- Chewing sugarless gums
- Avoiding alcoholic beverages
- Brushing teeth using baking soda and water
- Limiting consumption of acidic drinks
- Drinking plenty amount of water daily
- Avoid using mouthwash that contain alcohol
- Avoid using toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulfate
In summary, burning mouth is nothing much to worry about. However, it can be symptoms of severe underlying medical condition. Therefore, serious medical intervention should considered if it is persistent or affecting your day-to-day life.
Apart from the above medication, your doctor or dentist still have wide range of options he/she will prescribe. Don’t continue to use over the counter medications or home treatments for burning mouth when the symptoms still persist or aggravates. See your doctor immediately if you suspect you can manage the symptoms at home.
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