Do you know the reasons for swollen gums? Learn more causes including infections, during pregnancy as well as swollen painful, bleeding gums behind the tooth, around a tooth, or on upper or lower gum. You will also get treatments and remedies.
Sometimes when you have swollen gums, it’s difficult to brush your teeth since you may experience severe pain which can contribute to some bleeding. If it continues for a longer time then you have to seek medication since it might be an infection or disease.
Swollen gums causes
There are many reasons as to why your gums may get swollen. Some of the common causes include:
Poor oral hygiene
Poor oral hygiene is the main cause behind this condition since if you neglect to brush your teeth correctly, tiny food particles may get clog in between the teeth spaces causing decay, which later invite bacterial infection. In many cases, infection by bacteria is found to be the causative agent.
Flossy brushing techniques
Everyone knows how to maintain proper oral hygiene especially every morning but a majority of us brush our teeth forcefully or using an incorrect technique. This bad brushing technique can result in inflamed gums that are swollen.
Common causes of gum diseases such viruses and fungi could be behind the swelling making them appear red and inflamed which will, in turn, hinder brushing of the teeth due to pain.
Changes in hormonal level could result in swollen and bleeding gums since they may increase blood flow in the teeth and around them making them tender.
When they are tender, they are susceptible to irritation and can be injured easily. These changes occurs during pregnancy, menstruation, puberty, or menopause when your body undergoes several changes.
When your tooth starts to decay without seeking treatment will result in tooth abscess which will later make your gums to swell and experience inflammation.
Taking foods that are usually refined with a high content of sugar can result in many dental problems including them swelling. It is advisable to go for fiber-rich foods that can help strengthen our teeth and bring down the risk of inflammation or receding gums.
Insufficient of vitamin C in the diet can also trigger bleeding and inflammation apart from having them swollen.
Some drugs such as Amlodipine, Diltiazem, Felodipine, and Phenytoin can contribute to the swelling around your teeth in cases you are under these medications, especially those of heart diseases.
Faulty dental restorations
If you undergo dental restoration, the spaces that remain may become a breeding zone for bacteria which will later spread to gums especially when you don’t maintain proper oral hygiene.
Gum irritation resulting from a reaction to ingredients in toothpaste, food, medications, or even metal dental restorations can cause irritation, redness, or swelling of the gum tissue.
Signs and symptoms
Apart from inflammations, other symptoms include:
- Receding gums
Pregnant women are prone to gum swelling. This is caused due to increased fluid retention and blood circulation in the body. The volume of blood also increases which contributes to the inflammation. In addition, some pregnant women can see this problem during their pregnancy period, especially in the Second Trimester. The condition usually goes away after delivery.
Due to infection
Gum infection that results in swelling is due to the buildup of a plaque or substance that contain bacteria. Some of these bacteria are harmless while others are harmful to their health.
If you don’t brush your teeth regularly expect to experience swelling and infections due to poor oral hygiene. This can lead to redness with bleeding, swelling and soreness.
Swollen and bleeding
When you realize there is gum bleeding when you floss or brush could be alarming. You should try to know the reason behind these before going to buy drugs over the counter. Bleeding causes include:
These tooth diseases occur when your teeth and gum line are plaque leading to swelling, inflammation and even bleeding during brushing. This early stage of the disease responds well to good brushing and flossing habits and regular dental checkups.
According to American Dental Association, blood thinning medication reduces the ability of blood to clot, which can lead to easier bleeding. Let your dentist and doctor know about your experience and any medications you may be on.
If you immediately switch to a new toothbrush that has firm bristle, it can result in bleeding gums. Therefore, you should try to use the soft bristle to avoid the bleeding.
New flossing technique
Going for new flossy routine can lead to this problem. If you haven’t done flossing in a few days or if you have begun to floss more frequently to help remove food and plaque from between your teeth, then you may notice some bleeding.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy alter the body’s response to the bacteria that cause gum disease. Although it gets off after delivery, it is advisable to undergo dental checkup and regular brushing and flossing can help to prevent these problems from becoming worse.
Swollen, sore or painful gums
Swollen and painful or sore gums are usually signs of diseases. However, there are numerous that could be causing these problems. Whatever the cause of sore red gums, painful, there are procedures you can take to minimize further damage and discomfort.
Gum swollen around the tooth, on upper or behind the tooth.
Swollen, tender and bleeding gums around one tooth are usually a sign of early disease and infection that is supposed to be addressed immediately. There are other localized causes of swollen gums around tooth:
They are small, shallow lesions, round or oval with a white or yellow center and a red border. They are usually very painful and go away in a week or two.
Toddlers whose permanent teeth are still erupting might experience sore gum around one tooth. Young teens whose wisdom teeth are about to erupt can also develop an infection of the gum flap that overlies the partially erupted third molar or wisdom tooth.
This occurs when the white cells attack healthy cells resulting in some swelling. Many people undergoing cancer treatment get stomatitis, which causes the development of painful sores and ulcers on the gums and throughout the mouth.
Pericoronitis is a common dental issue that causes the gum tissue behind your molars to become infected and swollen, which can be quite painful. It begins to develop when the wisdom teeth only partially erupt through them.
How to cure swollen gums or ways to reduce the swelling include:
Depending on the resultant cause, your dentist may prescribe oral rinses that help prevent gingivitis and reduce plaque. Your dentist may also recommend that you use a specific brand of toothpaste.
In extreme situation, you may need surgery. One common treatment option is scaling and root planning. These steps help the dentist to treat all diseased gums, dental plaque, and calculus, or tartar, on the roots of the teeth to allow the remaining gums to heal.
Home remedies or natural remedies
While at home, a number of remedies that can help calm and reduce the swelling. Some of the common remedies include:
Warm and Cold Compresses
This can provide quick relief for sore, swollen gums as they help reduce pain and swelling. You need to hold the compresses against your cheek but not directly on it.
This inhibits the growth of bacteria in the mouth and prevents infections that may contribute to several oral health issues.
Black Tea Bags
They contain antioxidant properties promote good oral health and they have tannins that can help reduce inflammation.
The gel has anti-inflammatory as well as antibacterial properties that can prevent the growth of plaque-causing bacteria in the mouth and soothe inflamed cases.
Proper balance diet is essential since it ensures you get adequate amounts of calcium, vitamin C and folic acid from your diet to prevent swollen gums. Deficiency of any of these nutrients can cause inflamed gums.