Eyelid problems like redness and swelling can be disturbing. Skin conditions, allergic reactions, and certain infections can cause eyelid redness. Symptoms can get worse if you have an additional infection such as common cold.
Why are my eyelids red? – causes
What causes it? Read on to learn more about the causes.
Eyelid eczema dermatitis
Eczema is a chronic skin condition often known for disturbing symptoms like itchy, redness and scaly-looking skin.
Eczema may be due to an underlying condition of the skin, allergy-related or eye conditions. These include:
- Skin conditions like a rash
- Irritants and allergens such as mold, particles in the air, pollen and animal dander
- Reaction to the nickel in eyelash curlers and cosmetics
The most common symptoms you expect to have on your eyelids include:
- Dry eyelids
- Scaly eyelids
- Burning eyelids
- Itchy eyelids
Chronic symptoms can complicate your daily routine hence leading to:
- Sleeping problems
- Interference of work and carrying out duties effectively
How to deal with it
The most effective means of dealing with it is to target eradicating or reducing the triggers and ultimately reducing exposure to the causative factors. Using air filters
- Use of protective bedding like the bedcovers against the mattress
- Hypoallergenic bedding
- Use of hypoallergenic cleaning products or agents
- Avoid application of eye makeup or cosmetics s
- Makeup removal
- Stop using old products
In most cases, the eczema treatments are offered by specialists.
Orbital or preseptal cellulitis
Cellulitis symptoms in adults can cause red eyelid swelling of either the upper or lower one. This swelling is slow-growing and may cause complications during treatments in case of an infection of the eyes.
Like sties, a chalazion is symptomatic of a bump on the eyelids. Other signs/symptoms include:
- Reddening eyelid especially on the edges
- A swollen eyelid(s)
- Blurred vision
- Pain in eyelids
- Eyelid cyst
Treatment for chalazion
As we mentioned, treatment can be complicated by an infection. However, keeping the eyes clean and applying a warm compress can make you feel better or avoid infections to occur often.
Corticosteroid injections will reduce inflammation. Sometimes you may require a surgery to remove cysts.
Other causes include
- Allergic reaction
- Burns including sunburn
- Thyroid disease
- Ocular rosacea
- Eye trauma including cataract extraction
How to treat it or treatment options
Treatment would be specific to the causes as we have discussed. However, if redness does not go away after treatment, it could be possible that these conditions, infections or diseases are misdiagnosed.
Keep in mind that, if you continue touching your eyes or rubbing them or apply your facial makeup, the redness including the rest of symptoms may become persistent.
Puffy or swollen red eyelid
If this is due to an infection ensure that you wash your hands thoroughly before cleaning your eyes.
- Use warm water to clean gently
- Stop touching them particularly if they are itchy
- If you have been crying stop rubbing them
Skin conditions, allergic reactions, and diseases (such as Grave’s disease of the thyroid) can also cause puffiness where symptoms are likely to worsen.
Self-care ideas for itchy cases
If you have red eyelids that itch and have mild symptoms that do not cause problems with eyesight, observing the following can be helpful.
- Avoid scratching them with fingers
- Stop applying any eye makeup
- Wash them with chamomile water
- Try compressing with cucumbers, cold potato slices or chamomile to reduce redness
DOs and DON’Ts
If redness around the eyes is persistent or do not improve with these remedies, please see your physician or an optometrist urgently.
- Apply a thin layer of pure petroleum-based jelly
- Avoid direct sunlight
- Do not wash them
- Keep off irritants like smoke
- Avoid makeup such as eyeliners, eyelash extensions, curlers or mascara
When you must seek medical attention
Always see an optometrist for symptoms that persist on or keep on worsening every other day such as burning eyelid skin, severe swelling, facial redness, and high fever. Complications involving loss of hearing or vision should be reported with urgency.