A broken blood vessel in the eye is also known as a subconjunctival hemorrhage and according to studies, it has been found to be typically harmless since it does not cause vision problem or significant discomfort despite its conspicuous appearance.
When a blood vessel in eye burst, it leads to the appearance of bloodshot on conjunctiva layer resulting redness that may imply you have a subconjunctival hemorrhage.
This article provides some information on what causes the breaking of these blood vessels and also how it can be treated.
The following are the causes of a broken blood vessel in the eye:
If you stay for long hours without having sleep expect to have red eyes since in most instances you will be forced to rub them causing some disturbances to strain blood vessels which in turn break.
Stay in an area or workplace that has extremely dry air, dust, smoke and excessive sun exposure, expect to experience eye irritation that can cause redness, among other symptoms.
Trauma or injury may result to red bloodshot eyes, sometimes accompanied by a subconjunctival hemorrhage.
As an inflammatory response to injury, blood vessels dilate to allow more blood flow to the site of the injury for quicker healing. This dilation and sometimes their breakage is what causes the redness.
Computer vision syndrome
Staring at the computer for long hours causes straining of blood vessels that might end up bursting resulting in the appearance of red eyes. The breaking of the subconjunctival hemorrhage occurs when using a computer you blink less often, which dries out the surface of your eye.
Overusing or not properly caring for your contact lenses can cause a build-up of irritating surface deposits and microbes. This could result in an infection such as keratitis or fungal infections.
Also, contact lenses can worsen dry eye syndrome, as they typically reduce the amount of oxygen reaching your cornea and can restrict normal tear flow production, particularly with poorly fitting contacts.
When your body immune system reacts with foreign materials, your body releases histamine as part of the inflammatory response that occurs to “fight off” the culprit allergens. As a result, the histamine released causes blood vessels in your eyes to enlarge then burst, making them become red and watery.
It occurs when your tear glands produce either an insufficient quantity or quality of tears to properly lubricate and nourish your eyes.
Chronic dryness can cause its surface become inflamed and irritated, making them look red.
It is said to be an infection that results when the blood vessels within it become irritated and swell, giving the eye a red or pink appearance. In fact, a reddish-pink appearance is a telltale symptom of conjunctivitis.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect your eyes in many ways. They may become red and bloodshot, as well as dry, itchy and sensitive to light.
Other causes include:
- Corneal ulcer
- Ocular herpes
- Whitening eye drops
- Cold and flu
Some of the symptoms or signs include:
- Bleeding between the sclera and conjunctiva
- A scratchy or itchy feeling on its surface
Get more insight from Symptoms and causes
A broken blood vessel in the eye with pain
In case bursting of blood vessels result to a red eye that is painful or you have other symptoms such as reduced vision, the cause is likely to be one of the below conditions.
A scratch to the cornea
In case a particle scratches your cornea, it may feel a bit uncomfortable when the anesthetic eye drops have worn off and this may result in a lot of pain. Make sure to visit a specialist as early as possible.
Ulcer on the cornea
It is known to be caused by bacterial infection or viral infection. It can cause the eye to become red and sensitive to light, and it can feel like there’s something inside it.
This is a serious condition that occurs when there is a sudden increase in pressure inside your eye. It will probably be severely red and painful, and you may feel sick and see halos around lights.
It is known to be serious eye inflammation and you may notice that it is sensitive to light, your vision is blurred and you have a headache.
There is little information about its cause but iritis can sometimes be caused by an underlying problem with the immune system or an infection.
If you have this problem, it can resolve on its own in 10-14 days. There is no medication required to heal the condition and there is no known way to speed up the healing process.
Treatment options include using eye drops, such as artificial tears, to soothe a scratchy feeling on its surface, according to Mayo Clinic.
You may also go for a regular checkup of blood pressure as recommended by the National Institutes of Health.
In case of trauma, a medical examination is recommended to ensure the absence of other eye complications or injury.
Image or picture
The picture shown in the article will provide adequate information to your medical provider as another way of seeing the symptoms before commencing on the treatment.
Most of these pictures create a vivid description of how your eyes look like after the breakage of the blood vessels in the eye due to the above causes.
Beside is an example of a picture :
With swollen eyelid
Swollen eyelids occur due to the following causes:
- Allergic reaction
- Rubbing eyelids
All these factors can cause breakage blood vessels resulting in redness since it causes a lot of pressure on the delicate vessels that enhances blood flow to the eyes.